of Ball Clay Extraction in Purbeck
description of a clay pipe
Brown purchases land at East Creech
signed 7th April 1582 for Swithin Bonham to clay from waste grounds of
Canford and Poole to make tobacco pipes. Signed by Sir John Webbe
Cromwell destroys Corfe Castle
recorded Friends Meetings for Worship in Ireland were held in 1654 at
the home of William Edmondson in Lurgan, Co. Armagh.
(Benjamin Fayle's Great Grandfather)
Act of Parliament issued against exporting of Sheep, Wool, Wool-sells,
Mortlings, Shorlings, Yarn made of Wool, Wool-flocks, Fuller earth,
Fulling-clay, and Tobacco pipe clay.
Charles ll marries Catherine of Braganza
(King Juan lV of Portugal's daughter) who in her dowry had a chest of tea.
She was a tea addict - tea had arrived in English
Tobacco pipe clay extraction at Povington Heath
breach of contract between 2 clay merchants - Thomas Brown and Edward Hayter.
||Hyde family became
extractor of clay. Clay was dug from under cotton grass at Arne
Ball Clay from Dorset arrives in Staffordshire potteries
Crawford of Wareham, clay merchant
John Brown of Worgret digs clay at Stoborough
Wedgwood starts his business
1761 Robert Brown leases Stoborough Clay Pit from George
Trenchard of Lytchett Matravers
1763 Wedgwood produces Queen's
Ware made from "the whitest clays of Devonshire and Dorsetshire (ball
Clay), mixed with ground flints, and covered with a vitreous glaze."
Cook sails to Australia in the Endeavour 1768 - 1771 with Joseph Banks who
brought back clay samples for Josiah Wedgwood
||Thomas Hyde paid £30 per year
for mining rights at Arne. He had a contract to supply Wedgwood with 1400
tons of clay. Boats start using Trent & Mersey canal.
|| Trent & Mersey canal fully opened.
||1784 Tax on
tea was reduced from 119 per cent to 121/2 per cent
Wedgwood signed 5 year agreement with William Pike of Bucknowle House for a supply of 1100
tons of clay (at £120pa and 1s 6d for each additional ton above
1792 Hyde's business
slump. William Morton Pitt of Encombe took over Wedgwood contract.
||Dorset and Somerset Canal
proposed to link Poole Harbour with Bristol Channel. Scheme collapsed in
1803. Indenture of co-partnership between William Morton Pitt and John
Calcraft for working clay in wastes of Purbeck. Clay works started at Norden by Barker Chifney (A Liverpool and
London Merchant) in 1795
|| 14500 tons
clay dug. In 1803 Benjamin Fayle takes over from Barker Chifney
||1806(-1905) Fayles Tramway to
Middlebere. 1807 1st tunnel under A351 built. Isambard
Kingdom Brunel born at Portsmouth on 9th April 1806
||1808 22000 tons
1812 William Stevenson
visits Norden and sees Collinge axle in action.
||Pikes Bros William and John start
operation on land owned by Rev. Nathaniel Bond of Creech Grange.
defeated at the Battle of Waterloo.
1817 Watts, Hatherly and Co lease Pits and Mines from Thomas Brown
at Killwood and Furzebrook.
||2nd tunnel under A351 built
before 1825 (Exactly when is not known)
opening of the first steam operated public railway in 1825
||An Act for more effectually repairing and improving several Roads leading from the Market Cross, in the Town of Wareham, and in Purbeck, in the County of
Dorset received Royal Assent
Fayle dies on 25 January
Pike dies in February
||Sirius became the first
Steam vessel to carry clay across the channel (last Sail boat was Purbeck)
1st Oct William Joseph and John William Pike lease land for the building
of a Railway over Stoborough Heath from the south-west to Redcliffe
Farm and the river Frome from Lord Rivers for £50 p.a. (D/SEN/16/2/30)
||Steam tug Frome built at Ridge Wharf.
||Blue Pool started to be dug.
Joseph Pike met and conversed with the celebrated engineer George
Stephenson at Birmingham.
||Public Meeting at Royal Victoria
Hotel, Swanage - 4 clay owners and
John Mowlem with others put forward proposal for Swanage Railway.
Great Exhibition was held in the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London, from
1 May to 15 October - Pike Bros, Benjamin Fayle & Co and Whiteway,
Watts & Co were just 3 of the seventeen thousand exhibitors.
|| Capt. James Mussell of
Wareham dies in the paddle wheel of the Pike Clay Steamer after it had run
aground near Russell Quay.
William Joseph Pike becomes a director of the abortive South Midlands
Union Railway Company (a
forerunner of the Dorset Central Railway and the S&D)
1662 Act of Parliament banning export of Pipe Clay repealed
horse drawn Goathorn pier to Newton Clay Works railway opened by Charlotte
and Rev Richard Fayle and Dr Benjamin Guy Babington.
||March 24th clay workers Woolfries and Barlett were rescued having been
trapped underground for 4 days.
|| Cuirassier Steel
steam Coaster with a sliding keel for sea, then able to be raised for the
River passage, capable of carrying up to 140 tons of cargo
and used at one time to carry ball clay from Poole to Worcester
of Purbeck Railway Bill passed, but railway not built
Primus purchased for Pikes Tramway
||John William Pike
dies leaving 7 orphans aged 3 to 17
|| Fayles' first steam loco - Tiny built in
Poole by S.Lewin
Secundus purchased for Pikes Tramway
||Charlotte Fayle dies - She was
the last Fayle involved in the clay industry.
||William Joseph Pike dies
||1886 Tertius - Manning Wardle
& 1889 Quartus Leeds company - Pikes
of Clay Workings by H.M. Inspector for the South Western
Laurence Warburton Pike
(Wareham JP and clay merchant, friend of Thomas Hardy ) dies
abandoned, Thames engine joins Tiny from London County Council at Barking,
and Norden to Goathorn railway opened
|| 8th May Visit
of the English Ceramic Society to Pike Brothers' Dorset Clay Works
|| Quintus - Manning Wardle
||Cotness mine open 1925 - Sextus -
Peckett 1928 to 1934 Purbeck stone was carried
from Corfe to Goathorn for building of the Training Bank
Goathorn pier no longer used for clay.
1930 - Septimus - Peckett, 1932 Semi-diesel Tug Allen launched,
1932 Clay worker injured by clay fall at Furzebrook mine. Sydney
Harbour Bridge completed.
Leonard Gaskell Pike (last Pike clay
|| Line from Furzebrook to
Ridge closed. Goathorn railway closed. William
George Stockley killed in a fall of clay at Cotness Mine on Tuesday 28th
|| Tiny scrapped. Remaining line in the Norden area re-gauged to
1ft 11 1/2 ins and Russell arrives
and Fayles merged to form one company. Orenstein & Koppel Engines introduced,
and wooden wagons replaced by metal V skips.
||English China Clays takes
over Pikes & Fayles
||1970 - Railways abandoned and
track lifted in 1971
||No.7 mine built
|| No.7 mine abandoned and Imerys takes over English China
||Purbeck Mineral &
Mining Museum Group Formed
UK ball clay was an essential ingredient of 50% of the world's
production of sanitaryware.
||2004 to 2008 annual extraction
of Ball Clay reaches 250,000 tons
2006 No.7 Transhipment Shed dismantling completed
by the group - 2008 Transhipment Shed Building Shell completed